Index of Commodity Prices August 2019

Preliminary estimates for August indicate that the index decreased by 6.5 per cent (on a monthly average basis) in SDR terms, after increasing by 3.1 per cent in July (revised). The non-rural, rural and base metals subindices decreased in the month. In Australian dollar terms, the index decreased by 4.2 per cent in August.

Over the past year, the index has increased by 6.2 per cent in SDR terms, led by higher iron ore, gold and beef & veal prices. The index has increased by 13.1 per cent in Australian dollar terms.

Consistent with previous releases, preliminary estimates for iron ore, coking coal, thermal coal and LNG export prices are being used for the most recent months, based on market information. Using spot prices for the bulk commodities, the index decreased by 13.1 per cent in August in SDR terms, to be 0.7 per cent higher over the past year.

For further details regarding the construction of the index, please refer to ‘Changes to the RBA Index of Commodity Prices: 2013’ in the March 2013 issue of the Bulletin and ‘Weights for the Index of Commodity Prices’ (April 2019).

Details are in the attached table and graph.

Graph: RBA Index of Commodity Prices