Reserve Bank of Australia Annual Report – 2020 Financial Statements Note 3 – Distribution Payable to the Commonwealth

Net profits of the RBA, less amounts transferred to the RBRF, are paid to the Commonwealth as required by section 30 of the Reserve Bank Act (see Note 1(h)). Also under section 30, unrealised profits from foreign exchange, foreign securities and Australian dollar securities are not available for distribution. Instead they are transferred to the unrealised profits reserve where they remain available to absorb future valuation losses or are realised when relevant assets are sold or mature. Unrealised losses are, in the first instance, absorbed within the unrealised profits reserve where they are offset against unrealised profits accumulated from previous years. For purposes of distribution, if such losses exceed the balance of the unrealised profits reserve, the amount by which they do so is initially charged against other components of net profit, and any remaining loss is absorbed by the RBRF.

In 2019/20, the RBA recorded a net profit of $2,488 million. Unrealised losses of $79 million were absorbed within the unrealised profits reserve. Earnings available for distribution therefore amounted to $2,567 million in 2019/20.

As the Board regarded the balance of the RBRF as appropriate for the risks held on the balance sheet, it recommended that no transfer to this reserve be made from net profit in 2019/20. Accordingly, the Treasurer, after consulting the Board, determined that the full sum of earnings available for distribution be paid as a dividend to the Commonwealth. An amount of $1,685 million was paid to the Commonwealth in 2019/20.

Opening balance 1,685 889
Distribution to the Commonwealth (1,685) (889)
Transfer from Statement of Distribution 2,567 1,685
As at 30 June 2,567 1,685