Media Release Statement by the Governor, Mr Ian Macfarlane: Monetary Policy

Following a decision taken by the Board at its meeting yesterday, the Bank will be operating in the money market this morning to increase the cash rate by 25 basis points, to 5.25 per cent.

In reaching this decision, the Board took into account the following considerations:

  • Economic conditions around the world have continued to improve. In the United States the pace of growth has picked up markedly since mid year, and there is increasing evidence that the US recovery is becoming more broadly based. Stronger conditions have been evident in Japan, China, and other parts of east Asia, and also, to a lesser extent, in Europe. As a result of these trends the international climate, though still not without risks, is more favourable than has been the case for some time.
  • In Australia, the indications are that the economy has strengthened considerably since mid year. The pace of consumer spending has accelerated sharply, business confidence is high, and the labour market has firmed over recent months. While the exchange rate has appreciated, the stronger international climate, rising commodity prices and more favourable conditions in the farm sector indicate improving export prospects. Hence, notwithstanding some early signs of a change in sentiment in the housing market, the overall prospects are for strong growth of the Australian economy.
  • Australia's inflation rate at present is close to the target mid-point. While domestically sourced inflation pressures have risen, the overall inflation rate is being held down by the effects of the higher exchange rate on prices in the tradeables sector. In the short term, these exchange rate effects are likely to reduce the inflation rate further. Once these effects start to fade, however, CPI inflation is expected to be on a rising trajectory given the strength of domestic demand, firming labour market conditions and continuing strong price pressures in the non-tradeables sector of the economy.
  • Monetary policy is continuing to have a stimulatory effect on the economy through domestic credit expansion. The growth of credit remains rapid and indeed has picked up further in the past few months. The prevailing level of the cash rate after the November increase was still below neutral, and interest rates of financial intermediaries remained low by the standards of recent years.

In these circumstances the Board took the view that a further increase in the cash rate was warranted in order to reduce the degree of stimulus to the economy from monetary policy.


Dr M.L. Edey
Assistant Governor (Economic)
Reserve Bank of Australia

Phone: +61 2 9551 8800

Mr R. Battellino
Assistant Governor (Financial Markets)
Reserve Bank of Australia

Phone: +61 2 9551 8200

Manager, Media Office
Information Department
Reserve Bank of Australia

Phone: +61 2 9551 8111
Fax: +61 2 9221 5528