Reserve Bank of Australia Annual Report
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- Letter of Transmittal
- Governor's Foreword
Part 1: About the Reserve Bank
Our Charter, Core Functions and Values
In its role as Australia's central bank, the Reserve Bank of Australia determines and implements monetary policy, undertakes a range of other activities in financial markets and banking, issues the nation's banknotes and operates infrastructure critical to the payments system.
Governance of the Reserve Bank
The Reserve Bank's activities are overseen by the Reserve Bank Board and the Payments System Board as well as several high-level committees. The Reserve Bank Board is responsible for monetary policy and other policy matters, except those relating to the payments system, which are the responsibility of the Payments System Board.
Reserve Bank Board
The Reserve Bank Board comprises nine members: the Governor (Chair), Deputy Governor (Deputy Chair), Secretary to the Treasury (ex officio member) and six other non-executive members appointed by the Treasurer. Further to the legislated requirements, and in recognition of their responsibility to uphold the integrity of the Board and the Reserve Bank, members have adopted a Code of Conduct.
Accountability and Communication
The Reserve Bank is an independent central bank, accountable to the Australian Parliament for its actions. The Bank is required by legislation to consult with, and report to, the Australian Government. It seeks to enhance the community's understanding of its responsibilities and policies through a broad communications program.
The Reserve Bank has the following operational structure: Banking and Payments Group; Corporate Services Group; Currency Group; Economic Group; Financial Markets Group; Financial System Group; and five complementary departments.
- Organisation Structure Graph
- Our Charter, Core Functions and Values
Part 2: Our Operations in 2014/15
Operations in Financial Markets
The Reserve Bank transacts in domestic and international financial markets in order to meet the Bank's policy objectives. These transactions include implementing the monetary policy decisions of the Reserve Bank Board, facilitating smooth functioning of the payments system, managing the nation's foreign reserve assets, providing banking services to clients (mainly the Australian Government and its agencies and foreign central banks) and issuing banknotes.
Banking and Payment Services
The Reserve Bank provides a range of banking, registry and payment settlement services to participants in the Australian financial system, the Australian Government and various international entities. The Bank works closely with its government and agency clients to ensure that they can access services consistent with both their needs and those of the public.
The Reserve Bank is responsible for producing and issuing Australia's banknotes. It seeks to ensure that there are sufficient high-quality banknotes in circulation to meet public demand. It also conducts research and development to help Australian banknotes remain secure against counterfeiting.
International Financial Cooperation
The Reserve Bank participates actively in initiatives that seek to address the challenges facing the global economy and improve the global financial architecture. It does so through its membership of global and regional forums and its close bilateral relationships with other central banks.
The Reserve Bank seeks to keep the general public fully informed about its activities. In addition to its Head Office in Sydney, the Bank has offices in Adelaide, Brisbane, Melbourne and Perth, which play an important role in the Bank's business liaison program and communication with the public. The Bank also maintains its Museum of Australian Currency Notes and consults with its Small Business Finance Advisory Panel. In addition, the Bank sponsors Australian and international economic research in areas of macroeconomics, econometrics and finance and has a corporate philanthropy program.
- Operations in Financial Markets
Part 3: Management and Accountability
The total number of Reserve Bank employees increased by 4 per cent during 2014/15. More than 80 per cent of the people who joined the Bank during the year were recruited on a limited-duration basis, largely to handle project work. The Bank continues to attract diverse and talented new employees through its graduate and cadetship programs.
Management of the Reserve Bank
The major consideration affecting the Reserve Bank's costs in 2014/15 was the ongoing work on the program of major strategic projects initiated in recent years. Apart from this, operating costs were well contained in the past year.
The Reserve Bank seeks to carefully manage all the risks related to its role and responsibilities. The Risk Management Committee oversees the Bank's risk management processes and framework.
Earnings and Distribution
The Reserve Bank's balance sheet fluctuates in size according to operations in financial markets conducted to pursue monetary policy and other objectives, including supporting an efficient and orderly payments system in Australia. The Bank earns a profit in most years. It holds reserves that are sufficient to cover potential financial losses. In 2014/15, the Bank recorded a net profit of around $6.9 billion, with earnings available for distribution of about $3.5 billion.
Pro Forma Business Accounts
The Pro Forma Business Accounts for the Reserve Bank's contestable business have been prepared in accordance with competitive neutrality guidelines. They do not form part of the audited financial statements.
Statutory Reporting Requirements
The Reserve Bank has a number of statutory reporting requirements that extend beyond its policy objectives. These include: reporting to the Parliament each year on its equity and diversity program; reporting to the Safety, Rehabilitation and Compensation Commission on work health and safety and related matters; and publishing Freedom of Information material on the Bank's website.
- Our People
Part 4: Financial Statements
- Financial Statements
Part 5: Indexes
- Statutory Reporting Requirements Index
- List of Tables
- List of Graphs
- Contact Details
ISSN 1448–5303 (Print)
ISSN 1448–5192 (Online)